"What is Inclusive Growth?" by Elena Ianchovichina and Susanna Lundstrom.
"Economic Growth in the 1990s: Learning from a Decade of Reform" by World Bank
“Integrated Economic Analysis for Pro-Poor Growth” (Sida 2006)
Whole play KANADEHON CHUSHINGURA [The Treasury of Loyal Retainers]
On March 14, 1701, for reasons unknown, Asano Takuminokami, a young samurai lord, attacked Kira Kozukenosuke, a high shogunal official, during a ceremony at the shogun's palace. The shogun was furious and Asano was forced to commit ritual suicide that very day and his domain confiscated. On December 15, 1702, forty-seven of Asano's retainers avenged his death by attacking and killing Kira and immediately became heroes showing that even after a century of peace, the samurai value of loyalty was not yet dead. In 1748, the puppet play "Kanadehon Chushingura" appeared and since that time has been the single most popular play in all Japanese theatre. The names of the original characters were changed due to censorship and all kinds of incidents created, but still, as the history of the original event and the portrait of the suffering of the people around the event, it provides vivid human drama that is alive and vibrant even today.
Matinee (from 11:00 AM):
Acts 1 and 3: The Helmet Appraisal and the Sword Incident
Daimyo lords from around the country gather for an important ceremony in the presence of Tadayoshi, the younger brother of the shogun. Under the watchful eye of the official Morono, lords Enya Hangan and Wakasanosuke have been charged with making sure everything goes according to protocol. Enya Hangan's wife Kaoyo is asked to identify a helmet to be used in the ceremony. Morono is in love with Kaoyo and tries to woo her, but Wakasanosuke stops him. In return, Morono uses his position of authority to berate the young lord and Wakasanosuke decides to kill Morono.
But the next morning at the shogun's mansion, Wakasanosuke's head retainer bribes Morono to keep his master from causing an incident and although Wakasanosuke is about to attack Morono, the aged official's groveling stops him. As a result, though, Morono is frustrated and angry and vents his feelings on Enya Hangan, especially after Hangan innocently brings him a letter in which Kaoyo refuses Morono's love. Morono steadily insults Hangan, who tries to ignore the pressure, but finally draws his sword and attacks. Drawing a sword in the shogun's palace is a crime punishable by death, but Morono himself escapes with only a slight wound as others within the mansion hurry in to stop Hangan.
Act 4: Enya Hangan's Suicide, to surrender the castle
Emissaries from the shogun arrive at Enya Hangan's mansion to announce that he has received the strictest penalty for his actions. He is ordered to commit ritual suicide and his household is to be disbanded. Hangan's hate for Morono grows when he hears that Morono has received no punishment. Hangan waits and waits for his head retainer, but he does not arrive. Finally, Hangan plunges in the blade. At that moment, his head retainer Yuranosuke arrives from their home province. With his last breaths, Hangan gives Yuranosuke the knife he used to commit suicide and tells him to take revenge. Now that the clan has been disbanded, Hangan's men become masterless samurai. Though some urge an immediate attack on Morono, Yuranosuke bids them not to do anything rash. When alone in front of the closed mansion gates, though, he secretly reveals his determination that his lord will not have died in vain.
Joururi: Michiyuki Tabiji no Hanamuko (The Bridegroom Accompanying the Journey)
After the death of his lord, the retainer Kampei and his lover, the lady-in-waiting Okaru flee to Okaru's home, a farmer's house in the country. Kampei feels responsible for the events since he was having a romantic tryst and was not at his master's side at the crucial moment. He tries to commit suicide, but Okaru stops him and convinces him that they should go to her home as husband and wife and wait for the right moment for him to be reinstated.
Evening Show (from 4:30 PM):
Acts 5 and 6: The Yamazaki Highway and Kanpei's Suicide
Kampei lives a poor life with Okaru at her parents' rural home. Kampei desperately wants to take part in the vendetta against Morono, but must come up with the money necessary to finance his part in it. Secretly, Okaru and her family decide that the only way to raise the money is to sell her to the pleasure quarters. On a lonely highway, a highway thief named Sadakuro kills her father while he is on the way home from sealing the deal and the money is stolen. In a bizarre twist of events, Kampei kills the robber while hunting on a dark night and finds the money. The fabric of the wallet, though, seems to prove that he has murdered his father-in-law. Kampei commits ritual suicide to take responsibility, not only for the death of this father-in-law, but also for being absent when his lord needed him most.
Act 7: The Ichiriki Teahouse
Yuranosuke spends his days and nights in the pleasure quarters of Kyoto in an effort to make Morono believe he is not planning a vendetta. His acting is so good that even men in his own group believe he has given his life up to pleasure. Morono is not so easily convinced, though, and has sent spies, including a former retainer of Enya Hangan, to find Yuranosuke's true intentions. Yuranosuke finds himself tested to the limits by the spy, and is even forced to eat meat on the anniversary of Hangan's death, a strong taboo. Okaru, now a courtesan, is also at the Ichiriki Teahouse. She catches a glimpse of a letter to Yuranosuke detailing plans for the vendetta, but he sees her and offers to buy out her contract, knowing he must kill her to keep the vendetta a secret. Okaru's brother Heiemon, a servant in the Hangan household, has also come to the teahouse and when he hears that Yuranosuke is to buy out her contract, he realizes his true intentions. Heiemon tries to convince Okaru to let him kill her as such an act may allow him to take part in the vendetta as well. Hearing that Kampei is now dead, Okaru agrees, but observing their loyal actions, Yuranosuke spares Okaru and allows Heiemon to join the vendetta.
Act 11: The Attack on Morono's Mansion
Disguised as firemen, Enya Hangan's retainers attack Morono's mansion on a snowy night. After a fierce fight, they find Morono hiding in a charcoal shed and take revenge for their lord's wrongful death.